Everything You Should Know About Dementia
Dealing with a dementia diagnosis and learning how to work with your loved one can be difficult. However, dementia is a common problem across the country and learning how to handle it is something that can be done.
Alzheimer’s and other dementia-related issues affect about 50 million people around the world and almost 6 million Americans. Alzheimer’s Disease International says that only 20 to 50 percent of dementia cases are recognized and documented in primary care.
A dementia diagnosis for your family member or loved one can be hard to wrap your head around and understanding the complexities of the condition can be difficult. However, doing a little research and educating yourself on how to handle this situation can make the problem easier for you and your loved one.
What is Dementia?
Dementia is a general term for the deterioration of mental ability to the point that it interferes in everyday life. Alzheimer’s is one common form of dementia. Because dementia is not a specific disease, it is used as a term that describes a group of symptoms associated with a decline in memory. The symptoms that are commonly associated with someone with dementia include:
- Memory loss
- Problems with communication or language
- Poor reasoning
- A poor ability to focus and pay attention
Dementia is caused by damage to the brain cells to the point where it interferes with the ability of brain cells to communicate properly with each other. Damage to different regions of the brain is associated with different forms of dementia. For instance, the hippocampus is the center for learning and memory.
Some problems in the brain and body that can worsen thinking and memory problems improved and should be treated, such as:
- Vitamin deficiencies
- Excessive use of alcohol
If not addressed, these issues can contribute to the deterioration of the brain.
Coming to To Terms with Dementia
The hardest part about dealing with dementia can be just accepting the diagnosis. Allowing yourself and your loved one to grieve and mourn over the situation can be therapeutic and healthy. The sooner you are able to accept the diagnosis, the easier it will be to get acquainted with the new situation.
If the situation is especially tough, it may be helpful to seek out professional help and speak with a counselor or therapist.
Opening up to others about the diagnosis, like other family members or friends can help with acceptance and can provide support during times of need.
Helping your loved one deal with their own diagnosis is something that is not easy, accepting the fact first for yourself can allow you to help guide your loved one through the process of acceptance.
Also, it may be hard for your loved one to come to terms with their diagnosis, and, in some cases, they may be experiencing anosognosia. Anosognosia is a side effect that comes with dementia-related illnesses. Anosognosia is the inability to notice and perceive a condition like dementia in yourself. While it is easy to get confused with denial, anosognosia is characterized by the fact that the individual is unaware of the condition rather than just unable to accept it.
Handling Someone with Dementia
As you move on from the diagnosis, learning how to act and react around someone with dementia is important and will make life easier on you and them There are a few situations that you may encounter if you are caring for someone with dementia and how to handle them to make your time less stressful.
One prominent side effect of Alzheimer’s is aggression. While it may be common, understanding that your loved one is not being aggressive on purpose is important. It is normally triggered by something such as being in an unusual situation, lack of communication or being uncomfortable.
When dealing with a loved one who is being aggressive, you should avoid engaging in an argument or reciprocating the aggression in any way as it will almost certainly make the situation worse. The best thing you can do in these situations is to try to identify what exactly is making him or her act this way and fix that. If you can, trying to shift focus away from whatever is bothering them can be a good way to diffuse the situation.
It is common for someone dealing with a memory-related condition like Alzheimer’s to be frequently confused about a situation they are in. While you may want to give a long explanation about why you are at a certain place or what you are doing, it is normally easier to say as little as possible so as to not confuse them further.
Many dementia patients wish to try to stay somewhat independent and perform daily tasks that they are used to, however, due to their condition, these tasks become much harder and sometimes even dangerous. The need or want to remain independent can come from a place of fear or pride, regardless of where it comes from, it needs to be managed in some way or another.
Signs of Dementia
While there currently no cures for Alzheimer’s or similar forms of dementia, it is still advisable to check for diagnosis so you and a health care provider can know how to handle the situation.
Some early signs of Alzheimer’s that you can look for include:
- Memory loss that disrupts life
- Confusion about time or place
- Problems with speaking or writing
- Poor judgment
- Changes in mood or personality
If you believe your loved one may be suffering from a memory-related disease like Alzheimer’s it is important to see a healthcare professional to find out what to do. If symptoms do suggest dementia, an early diagnosis allows a person to get the maximum benefit from the treatments available to them.
If you are having trouble taking care of a senior and are looking into senior living facilities, consider and get into contact with our admissions representatives. Landmark Senior Living is available today for a tour of one of our seven affordable facilities. Call now for more information.
COO @ Landmark Senior Living
Matthew Boyle is the Chief Operating Officer at Landmark Senior Living, a series of top-rated Assisted Living Facilities in the midwestern United States. He has been working in the healthcare space for 7 years and graduated from Duke University in 2011, Summa Cum Laude. Guided by a relentless pursuit of excellence, Matthew and the team at Landmark are dedicated to creating a supportive environment for the elderly.
- Kimberly Langdon M.D. is a retired, board-certified obstetrician/gynecologist with 19-years of clinical experience. She graduated from The Ohio State University College of Medicine earning Honors in many rotations. She then completed her OB/GYN residency program at The Ohio State University Medical Center, earning first-place for her senior research project and placed in the 98th percentile on the national exam for OB/GYN residents in the U.S..
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